Snack Attack
 
Featured in: Children's Health  |  March 5, 2016

Snack Attack

Healthy between-meal eating can keep kids fueled throughout the day.

By Corinne Garcia   |   Edited by Amanda Mauceri

These days, kids are just as busy as their parents – spending full days in school followed by activities ranging from soccer practice to saxophone lessons and then hitting their homework before pouring themselves into bed. Breakfasts are often rushed, as everyone grabs a bite before heading to the school bus or carpool, and school lunches are brief. (Children are lucky if they get 30 minutes.)

As parents, it’s important to help kids keep their tanks filled by providing nutritional snacks that can boost their energy levels between meals and propel them through their days. Grabbing processed snacks may seem like the easiest option, but many of them provide little-to-nothing in the way of nutrition while swamping young bodies in sugar, corn syrup, salt and trans fats. One study in the “Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics” examined the contents of lunchboxes carried by more than 600 Massachusetts schoolchildren: the typical snack paired a sugary beverage with a packaged food.

These empty-calorie snacks provide a short boost in blood sugar but aren’t going to keep a child going (as more nutritionally dense options would). “Cracker-type snacks tend to get digested quickly and fade really quickly,” explains Jill Castle, MS, RDN, co-author of “Fearless Feeding: How to Raise Healthy Eaters from High Chair to High School” (Jossey-Bass). “We know from research that protein quenches the appetite better and keeps them fuller longer, and healthy fats do the same.”

Little Bodies, Little Meals

Parents need to think outside of the box (or the packaging) to come up with nutritional snacks for when their kids are on the go. In doing so, Castle tends to look to the food groups that are listed on the USDA’s My Plate chart – fruits, vegetables, grains, protein and dairy. She recommends covering a combination of two-to-three of these groups for each snack time.

“Think of it like a little meal, holding blood sugar up for a period of time, but also offering kids a lot of nutrition,” Castle says. “Kids need over 40 nutrients per day, including vitamins and minerals, so snacks have to count.”

“Kids need over 40 nutrients per day, including vitamins and minerals, so snacks have to count.”

Kelly Walunis, a mother and a manager for Bozeman, Montana’s Community Food Co-op, tends to stay away from processed food snacks to avoid the added sugar, fat and salt. Instead, she looks for a variety of colors and proteins. “I think, ‘Does she have a green vegetable somewhere in her snacks? Is there something orange? What has protein?’” Walunis explains. “I don’t avoid bread or high-carbohydrate foods, but I don’t seek them out either, because I feel that my daughter gets enough through provided snacks, whether it’s from the school or at a friend’s house.”

As far as how many snacks kids should eat each day, Castle says that it depends on a child’s stage of development.

Here is a list of how many daily snacks kids need based on their ages:

  • Preschoolers: About 3 snacks a day
  • School-aged kids: 2-3 snacks a day
  • Teenagers: 1-2 snacks a day

Castle says the typical school-aged child should eat every three-to-four hours, consuming 100-to-200 calories per snack.

“Kids have smaller stomachs than adults, so they need to eat smaller meals more often,” Walunis says. “Healthy snacking promotes future healthy nutrition, which in turn prevents obesity and the diseases that go along with that.” Castle adds, “Their bodies will be fueled, their brains will function well, their appetites will be satisfied, and the snacks will be contributing to their daily nutritional needs.”

“Healthy snacking promotes future healthy nutrition…”

When it comes to choosing nutritious foods, Stacey Antine, MS, RD, founder of HealthBarn USA and author of “Appetite for Life” (HarperOne) likes to frame snacks in a different way for children. Instead of referring to a food as being “healthy,” a term that may make a potato chip-loving child run the other way, she likes to talk about where snacks come from – be it a factory or nature.

“Kids don’t want to be duped, so why not teach them the truth about food, and the difference between natural ingredients and artificial ingredients?” Antine says. “I ask them, ‘Does it come from nature? Did it grow in the ground or come from an animal?’”

In her health-based education programs, Antine teaches kids to read labels and empowers them with the knowledge they need to make practical food choices. “Once you talk about food in a way that they can understand, they start to question the foods they are eating,” she says.

Besides fueling children’s growing bodies, healthy snacks can make it easier for them to learn. Trying to keep kids engaged over a full day of school is not always an easy task under the best of circumstances; put them on a sugar high and they are likely to experience a nasty crash.

“…put them on a sugar high and they are likely to experience a nasty crash.”

“Kids can get jacked up on juice or pretzels and spike from sugars, getting this rush where they feel ‘up’ and then come crashing down and are starving,” Antine explains. “Think about people who have to manage children’s learning every day; by sending poor snacks, we make it harder.”

Easy, Nutritious Snack Ideas

In the spirit of helping a child succeed in the classroom and beyond, it seems that healthy snacks can play a large role. So what kind of simple, yet nutritious snacks can busy parents tuck into their child’s backpack on their way out the door?

Castle’s go-to snacks include:

  • A banana with peanut butter for dipping
  • Whole-grain cereal mixed with peanuts, raisins, dried cherries and chocolate chips
  • An all-natural granola bar with a piece of fruit
  • Cheese sticks with fresh fruit
  • Cheese or peanut butter with whole grain crackers for mini-sandwiches
  • Carrots and hummus

Antine’s suggestions include (see below for additional recipes):

  • Homemade healthy muffins, such as banana chocolate chip
  • Grapes, cheese chunks and whole-grain crackers

Walunis’ ideas include:

  • Hardboiled eggs
  • Dried apple or pineapple rings
  • Avocado halves

“Every day is a new opportunity to help your children choose a healthier lifestyle, starting with really good food,” says Antine. Learning to reach for high-quality snacks instead of sugary junk is crucial to that process.

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